Brill & Muswell Hill

A geologically complex hill rising from the surrounding lowlands of the Bernwood Forest It lies adjacent to Bernwood BOA.

Area Coverage: 922 ha
Local wildlife sites: 4

Joint Character Area: Midvale Ridge, a small area is within Upper Thames Clay Vales

Landscape Types: Brill Hill is a wooded and farmed chalk outcrop.

Geology: Brill Hill and Muswell Hill consist of sandstone capping limestone, with the lower slopes being interbedded sandstone, limestone and mudstone.

Topography: Brill and Muswell Hills are very steeply sloping hills (rising up to 185m) rising out of a low flat floodplain.

Woodland – There are a number of small lowland deciduous woodlands in the area.

Calcareous Grassland – Brill Common is a matrix of calcareous and acid grasslands.

Acid Grassland – Brill Common is a matrix of calcareous and acid grasslands.

Ponds – The area contains many potential BAP habitat ponds including many on the slopes of Brill Hill.

Hedgerows – There is a good network of hedgerows around pre-18th century enclosures throughout the area, so many may be species rich.

Woodland – Management, Restoration

Lowland Calcareous Grassland – Management, Restoration

Lowland Dry Acid Grassland – Management, Restoration

Ponds – Management, Restoration, Creation

Hedgerows – Management, Restoration, Creation

Archeology: There is a scheduled ancient monument at Brill and it is part of a much larger Mediaeval Hunting Forest.

Places to visit:
Brill Parish Council own Brill Common

The Bernwood Way starts at Brill and there is a good network of footpaths throughout the area