Forward to 2020: Biodiversity Action Plan

The NEP’s Forward to 2020: Biodiversity Action Plan has now been rolled forward to Autumn 2021, to allow for the Buckinghamshire pilot Local Nature Recovery Strategy to be released.  The new NEP BAP, due in Autumn 2021, will be revised to cover the actions required to deliver the biodiversity strategic priorities of Buckinghamshire as set out in the pilot Local Nature Recovery Strategy, and will set out both the strategic priorities and the actions required to deliver them for the Milton Keynes area. The NEP’s new BAP will therefore bring together actions across the entire NEP area that the partnership will focus on delivering collaboratively.

Why do we need a local Biodiversity Action Plan?


  • Wildlife is of value in itself and we have a duty to ensure it has space to thrive. Wildlife is essential to our survival. Biodiversity makes the Earth habitable, constantly cycling the raw materials of life, such as carbon dioxide, oxygen and water, ensuring there is air to breathe, water to drink, food to eat, and shelter.
  • Wildlife is critical to our well-being, enabling us to connect with the planet that is our home. Wildlife also feeds our sense of wonder. Imagine a world without flowers, trees, birds and more. They bring so much pleasure to so many people.

Yet our local wildlife continues to decline. Buckinghamshire’s countryside may look green and pleasant but this disguises dramatic declines in both the range of wildlife species present and the numbers of individuals of those species. The 2016 State of Nature Report highlighted how the wildlife of Britain is struggling, with on-going declines in its overall abundance. UK priority species have fared particularly badly since 1970 with two thirds of individuals having been lost so that their populations are now only one-third of what they were in 1970. These include some of our best known wildlife such as skylarks, yellowhammers, water voles, hares, hedgehogs, frogs, and toads. For every three individuals of these priority species that existed in 1970 only one now remains. Imagine the uproar if we had allowed 28 of England’s 42 cathedrals to crumble away to nothing since 1970 and yet that is what we are allowing to happen to our wildlife. Indeed 1 in 10 wildlife species are now threatened with extinction in the UK.

The aim of our Biodiversity Action Plan is to set out measures that will help wildlife to reverse this decline and help wildlife to thrive.

What is the local Biodiversity Action Plan?

The Buckinghamshire & Milton Keynes Biodiversity Action Plan (“the BAP”) sets out the main issues impacting on wildlife in the county and some of the measures needed to help our wildlife. The BAP includes agreed targets for the creation and restoration of our most biodiverse habitats (or priority habitats) such as wild flower meadows, chalk downland, woodlands and wetlands. Like the BAP, the habitat targets are owned by us all and we can all contribute.

We have set an ambitious aim for there to be 20% more priority habitat in Buckinghamshire in 2020 than there was in 2010.

Yoesden Biodiversity Opportunity Area Adonis Blue Colin Williams

Our species are in trouble, with many declining at an alarming rate. In the last 50 years, 56% of our species have declined.


You can help achieve the “20% more wildlife habitat by 2020” target

Everyone from landowners to window box gardeners can do their part. Each and every bit of wildlife habitat created contributes to making Buckinghamshire a better place for wildlife and people.

Your home

If you are lucky enough to have a garden, can you set some of your lawn aside for a meadow or plant wildlife friendly plants in the borders? If you don’t have a garden how about a window box with flowers for pollinating insects? Even leaving a small area to grow wild can help wildlife.

Your community

Why not team up with others to encourage wildlife rich green spaces around where you live? If you have a Parish Council responsible for the green spaces work with them to let the flowers grow and create new habitats.

Find local opportunities to volunteer with our Conservation Directory.

Your place of work

What better welcome to visitors than a beautiful meadow of bright flowers at your entrance. A wildlife area with trees, flowers and wetlands and some seats will provide a relaxing space at which staff can relax to refocus for work in the afternoon.

For more ideas of what you can do to help wildlife at home, work or in the community, check out our awareness project Bucks Buzzing.

It is the greatest
of all mistakes
to do nothing because you
can only do a little.
Do what you can.

Black Hairstreak butterfly (photo: Tim Read)

Where in 1945 it was thought that the way to solve the problem was to create wildlife parks and nature reserves, that is no longer an option. They are not enough now. The whole countryside should be available for wildlife. The suburban garden, roadside verges … all must be used.


So whatever you can do to help wildlife in Buckinghamshire please do so and spread the word: tell others what you have done to inspire others to help.

The Biodiversity Action Plan for Buckinghamshire and Milton Keynes is hosted by the Biodiversity Group of the Buckinghamshire and Milton Keynes Natural Environment Partnership (NEP) and consists of:

The Biodiversity Action Plan for Buckinghamshire belongs to everyone. Local businesses, organisations, statutory bodies, parish councils, groups and individuals can all make a valuable contribution, working on your own land or working in partnership with others.